The hottest situation in China's glass container i

2022-08-22
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The situation of China's glass container industry (middle)

Fourth, we began to pay attention to the adjustment of product structure, but the pace is still slow

the adjustment of product structure mainly depends on several factors: market demand, technological progress, business philosophy, etc. In recent years, in the process of product structure adjustment, our industry and some enterprises have made certain achievements. For example, Shandong Rizhao Dingxin Glass Co., Ltd. developed small glass shells a few years ago, which are now very popular, and the product supply exceeds demand. Due to the high added value of this product, although the output of the company's glass containers has declined, the enterprise efficiency has reached the best level in history. For another example, Shandong Huapeng Glass Co., Ltd. introduced advanced production lines to produce high-end products, and lino Group invested in producing a series of high value-added products around high-tech. Some small glass factories with small scale and many varieties have played a regulating role in the whole market, making the product structure of the whole industry rich and colorful. For example, Qixian County and Wenxi County in Shanxi Province have used the original certain technical foundation, combined with the energy and labor advantages of the region, to produce artificial blown glass containers and utensils, forming an export base for artificial blown glass containers and utensils. There are many such examples. It should be said that these enterprises and regions have made gratifying achievements in product restructuring

but from the perspective of our industry as a whole, the structural contradiction of products is very prominent. The problems of low-grade products, low technical content and low artistic content have not been fundamentally solved. In the glass container industry, ordinary bottles and cans are still the main products, and the grade and technical content of products are low. Most enterprises compete cruelly with the market with serious surplus products in the tensile test of low-level steel wire rope

v. the quality of beer bottles has been improved

to improve the product quality of glass packaging containers, the first thing to improve is the product quality of beer bottles. The output of beer bottles accounts for a large proportion of the total output of glass bottles and cans, and there are relatively high requirements for melting process, molding technology and equipment. The improvement of beer bottle quality can reflect the improvement of product quality of our industry to a certain extent

in 1999, the State Administration of quality and technical supervision organized the national supervision and random inspection of beer bottles in the production field. A total of 39 beer bottles produced by enterprises were sampled, and the qualified rate of product sampling was 79.5%

in 2000, the State Administration of quality and technical supervision conducted a random inspection on beer bottles, and a total of 43 beer bottles produced by 56 enterprises were selected, with a qualified rate of 76.8%

in 2001, the General Administration of quality supervision, inspection and quarantine organized the national supervision and random inspection of beer bottles in the production field. This time, 51 kinds of beer bottles produced by 61 enterprises were qualified, and the qualified rate of product sampling was 83.6%

in 2002, the General Administration of quality supervision, inspection and quarantine organized the national supervision and random inspection of beer bottles in the production field. The spot check involved 55 batches of beer bottle samples from 55 beer bottle manufacturers, and 48 batches were qualified. The qualified rate of product sampling was 87.3%, an increase of 3.7 percentage points over 2001. The spot check involved 18 provinces and autonomous regions, accounting for about 90% of the beer bottle production enterprises in China; Among them, the qualified rate of large enterprises is 88.9%, that of medium-sized enterprises is 100%, and that of small enterprises is 70.0%; The qualification rate of joint-stock enterprises is 70.6%, and that of collective enterprises is 80.0%. The unqualified items in this supervision and random inspection are mainly impact resistance and vertical axis deviation items

the results of random inspection over the years show that the product quality of beer bottles shows the following characteristics:

⑴ the overall trend of sampling qualification rate of beer bottle random inspection is increasing year by year, and the overall quality level of beer bottles in the industry has been improved year by year, which is inseparable from the fact that enterprises attach importance to product quality, strengthen quality management, and improve the overall quality of enterprises; ⑵ the product quality of sole proprietorship, joint ventures and large and medium-sized enterprises is in a leading position; ⑶ the product quality of small and medium-sized enterprises has been improved to varying degrees year by year

although the sampling qualification rate of beer bottle random inspection has increased year by year, there are still many problems in the quality of beer bottles. Unqualified impact resistance and internal pressure resistance are the main items that cause unqualified samples, and are also the main factors of unsafe beer bottles. The main reason for the unqualified impact resistance and internal pressure resistance is that in addition to the backward process level, the quality of recycled bottles in the beer industry is out of control, which seriously restricts the improvement of the quality of new bottles

generally speaking, the product quality has been improved, but due to excess production capacity, irregular market competition, increased product costs, low economic benefits and other factors, the development of the industry has been more and more seriously restricted, hindered the technological progress of the industry, and limited the improvement of product quality

VI. The total import and export volume of the industry increased at a high speed

2002 was the first year after China's accession to the WTO. According to customs statistics, the import and export situation of the glass packaging container industry in 2002 was US $893 million, an increase of 34.76% over the same period last year; The total import volume was 734million US dollars, an increase of 79.70% over the same period last year. From the above data, we can see that the import and export of our industry have increased significantly compared with 2001, but the growth rate of import is 2.3 times that of export. Looking at the actual import and export situation in recent years, the analysis has the following two characteristics:

first, the import growth rate is greater than the export growth rate. From 1999 to 2002, the annual growth rate of exports was 26.4%, and the annual growth rate of imports was 32 The biological preparation technology of seamless poly amino acids with a wall thickness greater than 1.2mm began to be popularized in a wide range, and 6% of the steel pipes were used. The growth of imports was mainly concentrated in 2002, that is, the first year after China's accession to the WTO, an increase of 79.7% over 2001. Our industry should pay close attention to this change, analyze the possible impact of this phenomenon on the industry, and make early preparations

second, the foreign exchange earning capacity of the overall unit product of the industry has declined to varying degrees. According to the statistical data analysis of the customs, it can be seen that the average export unit price of almost all kinds of products has decreased to varying degrees year by year. From 1999 to 2002, several types of products with outstanding performance in this situation are:

① glass containers of various specifications. With the increase of export amount, the size of printed products can reach the scale above the centimeter level by 16.5%, while the export volume increased by 50.9%. The growth of export volume is significantly higher than the growth of amount. In 1999, the average export unit price of this kind of products was 593.9 US dollars/ton, and in 2002, the average export unit price was 458.5 US dollars/ton, a decrease of 22.8% compared with the price

② lead crystalline glass products (PBO content not less than 24%) indoor decoration or similar glassware, the export amount increased by 230.3%, and the export quantity increased by 352.7%

③ for other glass interior decoration or similar utensils, the export value increased by 114.2%, and the export quantity increased by 169.2%. (to be continued)

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